CSCE/OSCE in Georgia

25 May 1994 - 1 May 1996
Military personnel

The former Soviet republic of Georgia proclaimed its independence on 9 April 1991. The Islamic Ossets in Georgia opposed this and sought unification with their like-minded neighbours in Russia.

Peace force

Russia, Georgia and Ossetia set up a joint peace force in 1992 to prevent further escalation of the conflict. At the end of 1992, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE; since December 1994 the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, OSCE) intensified its efforts to bring a peaceful end to the conflict in Southern Ossetia.

Political accord

On 6 November 1992, the CSCE decided to send a mission comprising 9 diplomats to Georgia. Its task was to promote peaceful negotiations between the warring parties as a means to reaching a political accord. On 29 March 1994, the CSCE expanded the mission with 8 military observers, whose task was to oversee the actions of the peace force.