The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Bosnia and Herzegovina

21 May 1996 - 25 October 1996
Military personnel

In mid-September 1995, the presidents of Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia, under pressure from Russia and the US, agreed to cooperate in a peace settlement based on the preservation of Bosnia’s territorial integrity.

The start of a ceasefire in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 14 October 1995 allowed serious negotiations to get under way. A month of negotiating produced a General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (GFAP), better known as the Dayton Agreement, which was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995.


The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) decided on 8 December 1995 to establish a mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The mission was charged with:

  • overseeing the organisation of free and fair presidential, parliamentary and municipal elections;
  • monitor the human rights situation and arms control;
  • help to implement measures to promote security and confidence.