United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH)
- 5 March 1996 - 1 January 2003
- Military personnel
In mid-September 1995, the presidents of Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia, under pressure from Russia and the US, agreed to cooperate in a peace settlement based on the preservation of Bosnia’s territorial integrity. The start of a ceasefire in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 14 October 1995 allowed serious negotiations to get under way.
A month of negotiating produced a General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (GFAP), better known as the Dayton Agreement, which was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995.
Establishment of UNMIBH
On 21 December 1995, the Security Council decided to establish the United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH), which would incorporate not only the United Nations International Police Task Force (UNIPTF) but also a Mine Action Centre (MAC). UNMIBH’s task was to support the former warring parties in the rebuilding process and in maintaining public order. UNMIBH worked closely with IFOR, SFOR and with the High Representative of the international community in Bosnia, who was responsible for the implementation of the civil component of the Dayton agreement.